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Decentralization of the DOTS programme within a Russian penitentiary system
How to ensure the continuity of tuberculosis treatment in pre‐trial detention centres

Andrei Slavuckij, Vinciane Sizaire, Laura Lobera, Francine Matthys, Michael E. Kimerling
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/12.2.94 94-98 First published online: 1 June 2002

Abstract

Background: In Kemerovo region (Siberia), three pre‐trial detention centres (SIZO; Ministry of Justice) serve as the gateway to the penitentiary system, comprised of 23 prisons and 30,000 detainees. The follow‐up for tuberculosis (TB) patients released into civil society is unreliable. Due to varying detention times and frequent transfers to temporary detention centres (IVS; Ministry of Internal Affairs) for investigation and trial, and concerns about continuity of treatment, SIZOs were not included in the revised TB control programme initiated during 1996. Methods: To investigate the feasibility of DOTS (Directly Observed Therapy, Short‐Course) expansion into SIZOs, general detainee release was studied by examining 10% of files from detainees admitted during 1998 (SIZOs 1,2,3). Then, 5% of general files from SIZO 1 were examined to determine SIZO–IVS flow; 224 TB patient files from SIZO 3 were evaluated to determine the pattern of release/transfer. Results: TB patients in SIZO 3 have less chance of release before six months of detention than non‐TB detainees (14/224, 6.3% versus 774/2276, 34%; p<0.001). Among detainees not released, 60% are not moved during the first six months of detention. For those who move, the mean stay in IVS was 9.5 (+/− 6) days. The incidence of active disease detected upon entry to SIZO 3 was 4,560/100,000, the subsequent rate during the same year of detention 880/100,000. Conclusion: Despite frequent detainee movements between institutions, DOTS should be introduced into the earliest stages of detention to prevent case mismanagement, and links to the civilian programme should be developed.

  • DOTS; prisons; Russia; Siberia; tuberculosis

Received 16 January 2001. Accepted 15 June 2001.