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Addressing the challenges of chronic viral infections and addiction in prisons: the PRODEPIST study

Christine Jacomet, Angeline Guyot-Lénat, Corinne Bonny, Cécile Henquell, Morgane Rude, Sylviane Dydymski, Jean-Alexandre Lesturgeon, Céline Lambert, Bruno Pereira, Jeannot Schmidt
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckv183 122-128 First published online: 9 October 2015

Abstract

Objectives: In 2010 only 30.9%, of the Puy-de-Dome prison detainees were screened for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV). Our goal was then to promote these assesments, as well as to identify addictive behaviour using FAGERSTROM, Cannabis Abuse Screening Test and CAGE tests, diagnose fibrosis by means of Fibrometer or Fibroscan in hepatic virus carriers and heavy drinkers, and perform HBV vaccinations. Setting: This prospective study of adult detainees in the prisons of Puy-de-Dome, France, took place from June 2012 to December 2013. Results: Of the 702 incarcerated individuals, 396(56.4%) were screened and 357(50.9%) enrolled. HIV prevalence was 0.3%, HCV 4.7% and HBV 0.6%. While 234/294(79.6%) smokers and 115/145(79.3%) cannabis users were screened for dependence, excessive alcohol consumption was tested for in 91/179(50.8%) cases. Fibrosis was screened for in 75/80(93.7%) individuals selected with 16.0% presenting with moderate to severe fibrosis, 4/9(44.4%) HCV carriers and 8/65(12.3%) excessive alcohol consumers. HBV vaccination was given to 81/149(54.4%) individuals with no serological markers. A total of nine HIV tests were conducted at the 57 discharge consultations, involving 215 detainees being released, all of which were negative. Conclusion: The promotion of these evaluations proved beneficial, although viral screening could be achieved for only approaching half of the detainees, as could alcohol consumption assessment and HBV vaccination for those concerned. Fibrosis screening revealed lesions in HCV carriers yet also in heavy drinkers, who are typically less likely to be assessed. Consultations and HIV screening on release were found to be rarely possible.

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